Allergic Children – 5 Common Allergens That Trigger Pediatric Allergies

Allergies, or the body’s overreaction to a substance that it mistakenly views as dangerous, can trigger allergic reactions in children that range from mild to life threatening. A specific protein is usually at the root of the problem even though the triggers may vary. Here are 5 common allergy triggers to which your child is most often exposed, and some tips for managing them.

Food – An increasing number of children have allergies that are food related and the most common foods seem to be peanuts, tree nuts, wheat, eggs, milk, cheese, crab, lobster, fish, and soybeans. With such a wide variety of possible products, one of the best ways to determine which foods cause problems is to keep a food diary. Then should an allergic reaction occur, you have a record of what was eaten and can better pinpoint the food that may possibly be causing a problem for your child.

Try avoiding the suspect food and make a note if there is no further occurrence. If there is another occurrence, continue on by eliminating other foods that may possibly contain the allergen. Involve your pediatrician in the process, and get advice for developing an emergency plan should you need it.

Pet Dander – 80 million American homes have pets as part of the family. Is there any wonder that pet dander is a common allergy trigger for children? Dander is invisible to the human eye and the protein in the dander can also be found in the pet’s saliva, and urine. Pet hair can also attract dander which is sticky, and so just rubbing a pet’s coat can cause a reaction.

If your pet pre-dates your child and there is a problem try bathing your pet to get rid of the dander, but consult your vet first. Make your child’s room off limits to the pet, wash clothes and linens frequently to remove any dander that might have found its way into the room. Use a high efficiency particle arresting air purifier to provide an extra layer of protection against airborne dander that often attaches to other airborne pollutants in your home.

Environment – Seasonal allergies to tree, grass, and weed pollen are tough to avoid, particularly during the peak of the season. Curtail outdoor activities on dry windy days when pollen is more able to spread. Plan outdoor activities for days when the pollen count is low, and if possible avoid the outdoors during early morning hours when pollen counts are generally higher.

Keep your child’s school informed of allergies, write a note on days when it is not advisable for your child to be outdoors, and if necessary get a note from a doctor to have on file should questions arise. Make sure all of your child’s care givers have emergency contact numbers, and a clear procedure to follow should an emergency arise.

Insect Sting – Wasps, Yellow Jackets, Hornets, Black Flies and other insects can pose a serious threat to those who are allergic. Symptoms that often indicate your child’s body is in overdrive are extended swelling, dizziness, weakness, vomiting, and headache. Should these symptoms occur, seek immediate medical attention. Afterwards, make a follow up appointment with your pediatrician, and ask about an Epipen that could be used in emergencies to counteract the severe and sometimes life threatening symptoms.

If in fact your child does have a sting allergy, find out all you can about the insect, when and where it is most prevalent, and help your child avoid places and activities that might expose your child to it.

Household – Pollutants such as household dust, dust mites, mold and mildew spores, pollen, bacteria, and viruses are present in the cleanest of homes. They are a constant aggravation and irritation to an allergic child. Many of these irritants are too small to be seen, but your child’s body knows they are there and produces histamines as a reaction which often presents as a runny nose, congestion, sneezing, coughing, dark smudges under the eyes, and an overall lack of energy.

One of the best ways to combat these invisible airborne triggers is to constantly eliminate them with a high efficiency particle arresting (HEPA) air purifier that, by definition, can remove sub micron particles as small as .3 microns. And even though you may not be able to see the difference, your child’s body will feel the difference.

Pediatric Dentist

Dentist is a medical professional that involves the care of the teeth, gums and mouth. A dentist is expected to ardent for details, complete medical understanding, and manual agility and well-built interpersonal skills are vital as well. Procedures involving real manipulation of the teeth and or gums are handled by a dentist. Dentist have come up with a cosmetic means of handling some societal view of hygiene and health of the teeth with the introduction of teeth whitening, jaw surgery for correction of facial appearance and many others.

A dentist is responsible for the information to be given to a patient on how he or she has to keep the mouth in general clean and dentist who have skill in communication are best in this field of talking to patients. A dentist should normally work for seven to ten hours in a day, the only exception is in the case of an emergency that the hours may exceed the normal work hours. This therefore implies the life a dentist is in many ways similar to that of any other doctor but differ in the sense that a dentist keep regular office hours. The dentist pay large sums of premiums for liability insurance, as well as enormous sums of fixed cost for example rents and equipments. Since the more patients a dentist sees in a day add to his or her revenue, cause a dentist to see more patients each day.

A dentist needs to spend a day in the afternoon to carry out paperwork and insurance claims to defend for insured patients. For any prospective dentist, you will need to complete the required rigorous academic and professional needs. All these will include anatomy, chemistry, physics and biology for academics; dentistry will require a complete four years program as well as pass an individual exam presented by each state and many others. A dentist will use different types of equipments depending on the patient’s needs at the moment in time. Some of such equipments include x-ray machines, drills, mouth mirrors, probes, forceps, brushes and scalpels. Lasers, digital scanners and other computer technologies can be used.

While carrying out his or her task, a dentist will wear gloves and safety glasses to prevent both patient and dentist from infections. Private practice dentist also have the following administrative tasks to carry out which are bookkeeping, buying of equipment and supplies as well. They equally employ and oversee dental assistants, dental lab technicians, dental hygienists and receptionists. It should be noted here that most dentists are general practitioners who also handle different dental needs. Some practice in the other nine specialities which include:

1) Orthodontists: which are the largest group of specialists.
2) Oral and maxillofacial surgeons: this is second largest group which work on the mouth, jaws, teeth, gums, neck, and head.
3) pediatric dentists who focus on dentistry for children
4) periodontists who treating gums and bone supporting the teeth
5) prosthodontists, who replace missing teeth with permanent fixtures, like crowns and bridges.
6) Endodontists who perform root-canal therapy.
7) Oral pathologists who diagnosing oral diseases.
8) oral and maxillofacial radiologists who diagnosing diseases in the head and neck.
9) dental public health specialists who promote good dental health and prevent dental diseases.

A Hearing Center Can Diagnose Pediatric Audio Loss

Within the last decade the United States has witnessed a revolution in the identification of audio loss and rehabilitation services offered to children with permanent or partial impairment. These pediatric services are now an integral part of the comprehensive diagnostic procedures that are used at a quality-hearing center. The facts that have been discovered about this problem are that 3 in 1000 babies born in this country have impairments with sound recognition. These statistics make it one of the most common birth defects in America. This number translates into approximately 12,000 children affected each year by moderate to severe audio loss. It has also been noted that those children that are properly diagnosed and begin early rehabilitation and intervention services have significantly brighter outcomes than those children who wait. This early diagnosis is extremely important as audio loss in a child plays a significant role in not only their social development but also their educational development. Left undetected, impairment in a child can result in delayed speech and language skills, emotional or behavior problems, and delays in academic achievement.

Impairment is all too common in high-risk children. Some children are commonly identified as high-risk because they were either born prematurely, had a family history of audio loss, or were taking some form of high-risk medication in the hospital. However, it has been discovered that if only the high-risk children are screened as many as 50% of the infants with audio loss slip through undetected. This is why that it is important to have a child tested at a hearing center regularly. This is also one of the reasons why the United States established the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention program. This program makes it mandatory to test all newborns birthed in hospitals for audio function. Up until 1990, children born with mild to severe sound impairment would have been left undiagnosed for up to three years on average. Since the inception of EHDI this program has helped tens of thousands of children with early detection and rehabilitation that would have normally remained untreated.

The other reasons that early detection and treatment is vital for parents are the additional costs involved in delayed detection and rehab services. This added cost is also an important factor for the state to consider because of additional tax revenue that has to be spent to rehab the child. When detection of impairment is delayed it is generally not identified until the child reaches school age. In the majority of these cases when an audio loss is finally discovered the child is generally placed into special education classes. These classes, on average, cost taxpayers an additional $420,000 and have a lifetime additional cost of approximately $1,000,000. The other factor is the additional costs to the parent as children with social and learning disabilities just cost more raise. These costs also carry over into the child’s life as hearing impaired children have been shown to earn between 30%-50% less money over a lifetime than their unimpaired peers.

Because not all audio loss is diagnosed early and because of the risks involved in problems developing in the toddler’s early years, it is always a good idea to have your children’s audio function tested at regular intervals at a quality hearing center.

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery – Understanding Congenital Heart Defects

Congenital heart defects are a malformation in one or more structures of the heart or blood vessels that occurs before a child is born, during the development of the fetus. This developmental defect can affect approximately 8 out of every 1000 children and stems from a variety of causes. While some expectant mothers will fault their own actions when this occurs, fearing the worst for their children, modern technology has brought us to a point where traditional treatments using medication and pediatric cardiac surgery are able to correct most heart defects.

Pediatric Heart Surgery – The Underlying Cause of Congenital Heart Defects

In the majority of patients, the cause for their congenital heart defect is not directly or readily known. Through research however, pediatric specialists have discovered a number of factors that can contribute to or are associated with an increased chance of a child developing a congenital heart defect. This includes:

* Genetic abnormalities or abnormalities in the chromosomes (e.g. – Down syndrome)

* Alcohol or recreational drug use/abuse during pregnancy

* Taking certain prescription medications during pregnancy

* Viral infections during the first trimester of pregnancy, such as rubella

In cases where there is a family history of heart defects, a child has double the chance (16 in 1000) of being born with a defect that may require corrective pediatric cardiac surgery or some other form of treatment.

Defining Congenital Heart Defects

There are several defects that are detected and treated early on in infancy.

Heart Valve Defects – Any one or more of the valves in the heart may malfunction through narrowing or stenosis. Also, complete closure of a valve that impeded/prevents blood flow can occur. Other heart defects include leaky valves that don’t close. This reduces the pressure, forces the heart to work harder and allows blood to leak backwards as the chambers of the heart compress.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus – This defect allows blood to bypass the lungs as it circulates, forcing unoxygenated blood back through the body. This starves the body of oxygen and as a result the heart must work harder to oxygenate the tissues of the body.

Transposition of Greater Vessels – Blood from the left and the right side of the heart intermix because the arterial connections in the heart are incorrect.

Aortic Coarctation – This is a pinched Aorta. The narrowing of the Aorta can increase pressure and reduce circulation through the body, creating a variety of symptoms including a failure to thrive. It may also be present with no symptoms.

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery – Diagnosing Congenital Heart Disease

It’s important to note that while congenital defects typically develop early on, they can be diagnosed before birth, after birth, throughout childhood later in life when the patient is an adult. For some adults, they live with a heart defect and present with no symptoms or issues. Depending on the patient, the assumed defect, the age of child and other factors, a number of tests can be ordered to check for and confirm a diagnosis. This includes:

* Echocardiogram

* Cardiac Catheterization

* Chest X-ray

* Electrocardiogram


Pediatric Heart Surgery & Other Treatments for Congenital Heart Defects

It’s typical for congenital heart defects in children to require pediatric cardiac surgery or some kind of interventional procedure in order to repair the defect. To ensure the heart is able to recover and grow normally after birth, children are often treated with medication to help improve the function of the heart after surgical repairs are complete.